Celiac disease (American English) Coeliac disease (British English), sometimes called celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an immune response to gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. This disease impairs the small intestine (mucosa membrane, villi). It affects 1 in 100 people worldwide, but only 30% receive a proper diagnosis.
Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy, is an autoimmune disorder that affects the digestive system. It is caused by an immune response to gluten, a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. A person with celiac disease’s immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of their small intestine when they eat gluten, causing a variety of symptoms and long-term health problems.
It causes problems with the digestive system. The disease damages the lining (the little finger-like projections along the wall of the small intestine), affecting its ability to absorb nutrients from food, which can lead to malnutrition and increased levels of antibodies.
Celiac disease is a condition that affects the small intestine, causing inflammation and damage to the tiny finger-like projections called villi that line the inner surface. Villi are responsible for absorbing nutrients from the food we eat, so when they are damaged, the body cannot get enough of the essential vitamins, minerals, and other substances it needs. This can lead to a variety of health problems, such as anemia, osteoporosis, infertility, nerve damage, and even some cancers.
Early diagnosis lowers chance of developing other condition
The only way to treat celiac disease is to follow a strict gluten-free diet. This means avoiding all foods that contain wheat, rye, or barley, as well as any foods that may be contaminated with gluten. Following a gluten-free diet can be difficult, but it’s essential for managing celiac illness and preventing long-term health problems.
Celiac illness is very difficult to diagnose. It affects people in many ways. The digestive system and other parts of the body experience 300 known symptoms. It may result from congenital factors (from birth), and doctors can diagnose it up to 85 years of age.
Some Common Symptoms in both Children and Adults
- Abdominal pain
- Gas and Bloating
- Chronic Diarrhea
- Depression and Anxiety
- Headaches and Migraines
- Osteoporosis and osteomalacia
- joint pain
- Iron deficiency Anemia
- Heart disease
- ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder)
- Weight loss.